By Adolf Portmann

The rugged define of a mountain height seems like a human face; the markings on a moth convey a cranium and crossbones. Mere coincidences we are saying, and push aside the problem as one other freak of nature. but if we come upon an animal that appears like a leaf or a sprig, we start to ask yourself. This likeness needs to be greater than chance--it needs to play an immense half within the animal's survival. This brings us immediately to the crux of our challenge: the functionality of outward appearances.

We have all obvious bugs which are the colour of bark and brooding pheasant hens whose feathers look like the fleeting shadows in their nesting floor. We can have chanced upon a moth whose in basic terms defense is the coloring that makes it resemble a wasp. each one of those animals pretends to be whatever it's not, and it does this in an effort to live to tell the tale. smooth armies use camouflage to guard their infantrymen, weapons, ships, and army installations; the result's evidence confident of the protective worth of such ideas. The reader are usually not stunned then, if we inform him that our topic has performed a renowned half in all discussions in regards to the foundation and the evolution of dwelling organisms. Charles Darwin was once one of many first to emphasize the significance of camouflage, and because his day the topic has shaped one of many strands of organic thought.

This isn't to claim that the specialists all agree. What a few decide to clarify as camouflage, others describe in altogether diverse phrases. a bunch of experimenters has got down to turn out some of the theories, yet continuously with ideal medical detachment. the matter of mimicry, specifically, has develop into a veritable no man's land of organic battle.

These are issues our e-book will discover. Casting our look over an unlimited canvas, we will try and hint the
meaning of a few of the colourful brush strokes that went into its portray.

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The moment a smaller fish approaches, the "leaf" opens its relatively large mouth and swallows the victim with one huge gulp. -47Questia Media America, Inc. com Publication Information: Book Title: Animal Camouflage. Contributors: Adolf Portmann - author. Publisher: University of Michigan Press. Place of Publication: Ann Arbor, MI. Publication Year: 1959. Page Number: 47. 45 title FIG. 55 Among Mediterranean sea grasses (Posidonia caulinii): (1) Limpet (Lepadogaster), (2) prawn (Hippolyte), (3) pipefish (Siphonostoma), (4) pipefish (Nerophis), (5) isopod (Idothea).

41Questia Media America, Inc. com Publication Information: Book Title: Animal Camouflage. Contributors: Adolf Portmann - author. Publisher: University of Michigan Press. Place of Publication: Ann Arbor, MI. Publication Year: 1959. Page Number: 41. 39 title FIG. 46 Wing veins of leaf insects. (a) Of a Carboniferous insect (Palaeodictyoptera), (b) of a tropical grasshopper (Mimetica), (c) of a grasshopper (Cyrtophyllites) of the Jurassic period, (d) of another grasshopper (Mastiphaga). " Co: costal vein; Cu: cubital margin; M: median; R: radial vein and branches; Sc: subcostal vein.

34. Caterpillar of the hawk-moth (Smerinthus ocellatus) showing the relation between an upside-down position and inverted counter-shading. Top: the normal rest position; bottom: the same reversed. ) -33Questia Media America, Inc. com Publication Information: Book Title: Animal Camouflage. Contributors: Adolf Portmann - author. Publisher: University of Michigan Press. Place of Publication: Ann Arbor, MI. Publication Year: 1959. Page Number: 33. 31 title FIG. 35. A caterpillar of a Southeast Asian geometrid moth (Actias selene) lighted from the belly side (right), showing dissolving twosurface effect.

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Animal Camouflage by Adolf Portmann


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