By Robert V. Remini
On hand in paperback for the 1st time, those 3 volumes characterize the definitive biography of Andrew Jackson. quantity One covers the position Jackson performed in America's territorial enlargement, bringing to lifestyles a posh personality who has usually been noticeable easily as a rough-hewn kingdom basic. quantity strains Jackson's senatorial occupation, his presidential campaigns, and his first management as President. The 3rd quantity covers Jackson's reelection to the presidency and the weighty concerns with which he was once confronted: the nullification trouble, the tragic elimination of the Indians past the Mississippi River, the mounting violence through the state over slavery, and the tortuous efforts to win the annexation of Texas.
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Additional info for Andrew Jackson, Volume 2: The Course of American Freedom, 1822-1832
In April of that year, Allen Dulles, then CIA deputy director for covert operations, met with military intelligence chiefs to seek their assistance in launching Project Artichoke. ” In this mobilization, the CIA employed a combination of ﬁnancial incentives and collegial manipulation by a few leading researchers to eﬀect a subtle redirection of the nascent cognitive science community. This alliance between the intelligence and science would prove seminal. Through a seemingly erratic yet systematic process, the CIA and its contract researchers produced a distinctively American approach to psychological torture grounded in a scientiﬁc understanding of the sensory pathways to human consciousness.
B. Retarding and advancing clocks. C. Serving meals at odd times. D. Disrupting sleep schedules. E. ” But now a penciled insert warned: “It is illegal and against policy to use them to produce regression. ” Oﬀering visual conﬁrmation of this continuity, the detainees at Guantanamo’s Camp X-Ray in 2002 wore prison suits with goggles, gloves, and ear muﬀs that bear a striking resemblance to equipment Dr. Hebb used to test sensory deprivation on student volunteers at McGill University in 1952. When the Cold War came to a close in 1990, Washington rescinded its torture training and resumed its advocacy of human rights.
Unless such a formal inquiry is convened to investigate this history of coercive interrogation and begin to break the cycle of secrecy, exposé, and impunity, we are likely in a few years to ﬁnd ourselves once again facing another major torture scandal arising from some newly discovered dungeon in Asia, Africa, or the Middle East. When that happens, the world will not have forgotten those photos from Abu Ghraib. The damage to this country’s international standing will likely be nothing short of devastating.
Andrew Jackson, Volume 2: The Course of American Freedom, 1822-1832 by Robert V. Remini