By R.C. Hine, K.A. Ingersent, A.J. Rayner
Agriculture was once a tremendous merchandise at the time table of the Uruguay around of multilateral alternate negotiations below the auspices of the final contract on price lists and alternate (GATT), introduced in 1986. during this in particular commissioned quantity the nationwide positions on agriculture taken up through the main gamers in the course of the process those negotiations are set out and analysed, kingdom through state, via a staff of across the world well known specialists. The editors have chosen and ordered the reports to supply a coherent review and synthesis of the most concerns and components of controversy raised through the negotiations. exam of the explanations for the protecting of alternative nationwide views at the factor of agricultural coverage and exchange reform is helping to give an explanation for why achieving overseas contract during this sector of the GATT negotiations has been so elusive.
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Extra resources for Agriculture in the Uruguay Round
The init ial position was one David Greenaway 23 which saw a framework agreement founded on MFN principles. Late in the negotiations, this position altered dramatically to one which not only proposed that MFN treatment be conditional but one which also identified sectors which should be excluded from any agreement. As soon as the US provided a list of excluded sectors, the EC responded with its own list. Finally there were several important background developments which did not help. Thus, for example, a case can be made to the effect that the EC has been preoccupied to a greater extent with its single market programme than with the Uruguay Round.
Textiles and clothing and agriculture. Natural resource based products and tropical products are relatively uncontroversial issues. Trade here is subject to fewer restrictions than agriculture, or textiles and clothing, and the potential gains from further liberalisation are. relatively modest. The main issues have been tariff escalation in industrialised countries and the relative merits of GSP and MFN access. The same cannot be said of textiles and clothing. This is a sector of major significance to developing countries .
2. To improve market access and to reduce trade barriers including quantitative restrictions. Non-tariff barriers, including animal health and plant inspection requirements, were singled out for special attention. 3. To strengthen the dispute settlement and enforcement processes including the development of improved arrangements for assuring compliance. 36 The US Perspective 4. To phase out all trade-distorting domestic subsid ies and import barriers over a 10-year period. United States negotiators came away from the initial sessions of the Uruguay Round on an optimistic note, perhaps relieved that the 92 GAIT member countries had at last launched a new round of multilateral negotiations.
Agriculture in the Uruguay Round by R.C. Hine, K.A. Ingersent, A.J. Rayner