By Robert Owen
In his early works Owen argues that, seeing that everyone is absolutely shaped by means of their atmosphere, schooling is the the most important think about remodeling them. Later he got here to undertake way more radical positions, presenting not anything lower than 'the emancipation of mankind' and the production of a 'new ethical world', a full-scale reorganization of British society, significant reforms of operating practices and the terrible legislation and the institution of co-operative model.
Robert Owen (1771-1858) used to be a Welsh social reformer and one of many founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative flow. He labored within the cotton in Manchester earlier than constructing a wide mill at New Lanark in Scotland.
George Claeys acquired his PhD from the college of Cambridge and is now affiliate Professor of heritage at Washington University.
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Additional info for A New View of Society and Other Writings (Penguin Classics)
When the position of manager of the first large cotton-spinning mill fell open, however, Owen offered his services. 3 Elected to the prestigious Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, he began to acquire a degree of social polish and, struggling to overcome his youthful shyness, spoke for the first time before a public meeting. Enamoured with the daughter of a wealthy Glasgow merchant, David Dale, Owen travelled to New Lanark, on the banks of the Clyde river south of Glasgow, to inspect a cotton factory built there by Dale in 1784.
Instead he sought to eradicate vice without punishment and without wielding religious threats, by offering a healthy education and a reasonable working and living environment for his labourers. The latter were not easily convinced of his good intentions. But gradually, through Owen's persistent kindness – it was the quality which all who ever met him most frequently recalled – and especially after being paid full wages in 1806 when an American embargo on cotton exports halted production, they were won over.
With his Manchester partners Owen at the age of twenty-eight acquired the New Lanark mills, and he moved there on 1 January 1800 after marrying Caroline Dale. 4 Within a decade, New Lanark was renowned throughout Europe both for its approach to labour and for the quality of its cotton thread, which brought Owen and his partners a highly lucrative trade. The factory workforce itself comprised some 2,000 people, including about 500 pauper children apprenticed from local workhouses. When Owen commenced, he complained that the workers were frequently drunken, prone to theft, and dishonest.
A New View of Society and Other Writings (Penguin Classics) by Robert Owen